Eating disorders are serious psychological conditions that need intervention once detected. These mental illnesses destroy lives once it gets worst. Anorexia and bulimia are only some of the most common eating disorders that most of us are familiar with. These health conditions affect not only on the mental and physical health of the person but as well as its capacity to function in the society, all these factors contribute to fatality. These conditions also affect the emotional health of the person making them suffer self-rejection that eventually causes depression and anxieties as well as challenges in building relationships with other people.
By being aware of the kinds of eating disorders and knowing about them, one can assess if they or the people they know might be suffering from eating disorders. Due to the stigma of society about mental illness, people with eating disorders tend to keep this fact about them in secret. These psychological illnesses cannot be dealt with by the patient alone. These conditions need an intervention – support and treatment by professionals as well as the understanding by the close people around the sufferers of the condition.
Here are some of the eating disorders that you need to know:
Anorexia Nervosa or commonly referred to as anorexia has the highest mortality rate of mental disorders which are generally caused by complications due to extreme starvation or suicide. People with this condition severely restrict what they eat, are too bodily conscious that they keep the tab to their weight after consuming food. These patients often view themselves as larger than they are resulting for people to resort to extreme diet even when not needed, starvation, laxative misuse, and vomiting.
In contrast with anorexia, Bulimia involves uncontrollable binging episodes that make patients eat large amounts of food over a short period of time only to vomit them later. After binging a lot of food, they purge their body to make up for the guilt of binging. As a way they resolve to take laxatives, induced vomiting, exercising excessively and fasting.
3.Binge Eating Disorder
Binge Eating Disorder or B.E.D is a disorder that is similar to bulimia minus the purging after eating. Many people with such condition are overweight which often leads to obesity.
This condition is often referred as reverse anorexia. Bigorexia is typically seen in men which are most common to bodybuilders or weightlifters. It is a body image disorder where the person feels that their body or build is too small no matter how normal, big or muscular they actually are. These people with such condition often do excessive work outs and spend excessive hours in the gym.
5.Nocturnal Sleep Related Eating Disorder (NS RED)
NS RED is both an eating and sleeping disorder. People affected by such will eat while sleep walking. People with NS RED will not have any memories of such behavior. This condition is often triggered by food deprivation, stress, and depression. Patients often find themselves waking up in front of the refrigerator or with food in hand or in the face.